US envoy to Egypt for talks on Ethiopia dam dispute

CAIRO (AP) – The US envoy to the Horn of Africa met with the Egyptian president on Wednesday as a part of Washington’s new initiative to discover a decision to a ten-year regional dispute over Ethiopia’s huge dam over the principle tributary of the Nile.

U.S. envoy Jeffrey Feltman arrived in Cairo on Tuesday on the primary leg of his tour of the area which incorporates stops in Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan, because the dispute may escalate into army battle, threatening the whole area. Horn of Africa.

On Wednesday, Feltman met with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who reiterated his warnings that Cairo is not going to tolerate any initiative from Addis Ababa that would cut back Egypt’s share within the Nile water because of the Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam.

El-Sisi mentioned Egypt wouldn’t settle for anybody “to hurt its water pursuits” and known as the dam challenge “existential” for his nation, urging america to play ” an efficient position ”in settling the dispute.

Feltman, who additionally met with Egypt’s overseas ministers and irrigation ministers, reportedly mentioned the Biden administration was “severe about settling such a delicate challenge.”

The dispute is now over how rapidly Ethiopia fills and replenishes the reservoir and the way a lot water it releases downstream within the occasion of a drought lasting a number of years. The final spherical of negotiations negotiated by the African Union in April didn’t make progress.

Egypt and Sudan say Ethiopia’s plan so as to add 13.5 billion cubic meters of water in 2021 to the Blue Nile dam reservoir is a menace to them. Cairo and Khartoum known as on america, the United Nations and the European Union to facilitate the conclusion of a legally binding settlement on the filling and operation of the dam. Ethiopia rejected the attraction.

In March, al-Sisi warned of “regional instability that nobody can think about” and not using a legally binding settlement on the operation of the dam, primarily based on worldwide regulation and requirements governing transboundary rivers.

Egypt, which depends upon the Nile for greater than 90% of its water provides, fears a devastating affect if the dam is operated with out regard to its wants. Ethiopia says the $ 5 billion dam is crucial, arguing that the overwhelming majority of its inhabitants lacks electrical energy.

Sudan desires Ethiopia to coordinate and share knowledge on the operation of the dam to stop flooding and defend its personal energy technology dams on the Blue Nile, the principle tributary of the Nile.

The Blue Nile meets the White Nile in Khartoum, from the place it winds north by means of Egypt and empties into the Mediterranean Sea.

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